Why project developers burn millions of dollars worth of their tokens, our Crypto-Upvotes experts explain
Why and how do developers burn their tokens, and what benefit do investors get?
Cryptocurrency burn is an intentional destruction of a certain number of tokens in circulation. Many cryptocurrency projects use this mechanism to regulate issuance. Tokens can be destroyed for several reasons: for example, in order to increase token prices. Burning some coins makes each remaining token more in demand and its price goes up.
Cryptocurrencies are also withdrawn from circulation to prevent inflation and depreciation of assets. With unlimited issuance, the amount of coins is constantly increasing, and each individual token gradually depreciates in price. Then developers conduct incineration to prevent fall of cryptocurrency’s price. Thus, there is always about the same amount of cryptocurrency in circulation. Volumes and frequency of this operation depend on the speed of issuance.
Some projects destroy coins after ICO if not the entire amount of cryptocurrency was sold during campaign. In this case, developers retain price of coins already purchased by investors.
How to burn cryptocurrencies
Transaction fees are usually sent to miners. But there are cryptocurrency projects in which these funds are burned. To do this, a transaction is conducted in which fees are set at an amount required to be burned. Sent tokens remain in blockchain, and excess funds are “burned” by this system.
Contract algorithm burns tokens
Sometimes developers initially put a Proof-of-Burn algorithm on blockchain. When a transaction takes place, miners send some of coins to a special address that no one else has access to. This transaction is recorded in blockchain, which is proof-of-burn for tokens.
Burning in a dead wallet
A lot of projects use burn through a wallet with no private keys. Amounts that need to be destroyed are sent to it. There is no access to such a wallet. Therefore, any interaction with tokens at such an address is unavailable. Projects openly publish data on such wallets and burn operations.
Consider large Cryptoprojects that burn their tokens
In August 2021, ETH ecosystem updated and changed its fee structure. Transaction fees in a block (for gas) began to be sent partly to network for burning and partly to miners as rewards. Today, major Ethereum “burners” are NFT-marketplace Opensea and crypto-platform Uniswap. Volume of token destruction is about 900,000 ETH per year.
In 2017, Binance issued 20 million BNB and announced plans to burn tokens quarterly and will do so until half of their tokens are destroyed. From end of 2021, amount of tokens to be burned is calculated automatically and depends on the number of transactions on exchange.
Binance also destroys a portion of the BNB Chain gas fee in real time. Exchange practices burning by transferring money to an address that is not available for use.
Project developers use the same token destruction method. Total number of TRX tokens burned is approaching 8 billion.
Cryptocurrency’s algorithm has had a token burning mechanism from the very beginning. Each transaction destroys 0.00001 XRP. The concept of the project implies a certain number of coins. Which should not increase, which, according to developers’ idea, will allow avoiding inflation. At the same time, this algorithm reduces numbers of spam transactions.
Who benefits from token burning and what investors get from it
By burning coins, developers buy them back with their own money, or somehow sacrifice part of their profits. However, still remaining holders of this cryptocurrency, they are betting that asset will grow in value in future. Coin destruction is done to make cryptoprojects more successful and attract more holders.
Burning tokens can be compared to buying back shares in a normal financial market. Companies buy back their securities in order to reduce their number on market and strengthen their quotes. This strengthens position of shareholders and company.
At the same time, burning coins can strengthen reputation of a crypto project. Destruction of tokens left unsold after the initial offering. Increases the level of trust in developers and contributes to the growth of the token price on the crypto market.
Investors also benefit when a project burns unsold tokens after an ICO. Using this type of tool shows that developers believe in their project and that their cryptocurrency will grow in the long run.
Our Crypto-Upvotes experts believe that burning coins does not guarantee an increase or stabilization of price. If project is not in demand, reducing the number of tokens will not affect its price in any way. Also, one should not rule out effects of general market conditions. In periods of increased uncertainty, destruction of a cryptocurrency may not have desired effect.